Seasonal flu and viruses


What is influenza, exactly?

Influenza virus infection causes a contagious viral disease that causes general impairment and can occur in sporadic, epidemic or even pandemic outbreaks.

Influenza is divided into three types: influenza A, influenza B, and influenza C.

Influenza Type A is the most pathogenic and causes pandemics; Influenza Type B causes local illnesses, and Influenza Type C is the least pathogenic and causes local illnesses.

Influenza can cause sporadic epidemics of varying severity, with symptoms primarily manifesting during the winter months.

What are the flu symptoms and signs at this time of year?

Despite the virus’s rapid spread, which occurs primarily during the winter, not everyone who contracts it is infected. Individual immunity is incredibly complex and is influenced by a variety of factors, including lifestyle, nutrition, pre-existing chronic diseases, and other factors, as well as the type of virus we’re dealing with, such as influenza strains, and certain physiological conditions, all of which influence the severity and duration of symptoms.

What are the most common influenza symptoms?

The most common symptoms of the illness include fever, cough, sore throat, headache, muscle and joint pain, malaise, fatigue, and a lack of appetite.

The flu virus has symptoms that are similar to those of other respiratory viral infections, but it is far more serious. Colds are caused by other respiratory viruses, not the flu virus. Rhinorrhea, sneezing, sore throat, hyper-lacrimation, headache, and a sub-febrile state are common cold symptoms that affect the head and neck.

When do the symptoms of the flu appear, and how does the flu begin?

The average incubation period is 2 to 3 days, but there are some periods that fall outside of this range and last anywhere from 1 to 7 days. A sick person is contagious for 1-2 days before the first signs of influenza appear, and for another 3-5 days after they appear. All confirmed or suspected cases should be isolated to limit contact with healthy people and prevent the disease from spreading. The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of influenza in pandemics can vary depending on the type of virus and the population’s level of immunity to the virus.

What method is used to determine the cause?

When it comes to influenza, the most common cause is clinical, and the procedure is symptomatic. There are cases where the progression is rapid and the disease is causing complications, necessitating a combination of influenza cure, intra-hospital monitoring, and specific investigations to determine the type of influenza virus, the progression of complications, and so on. It is recommended that a person with influenza symptoms avoid self-medication and instead visit a doctor to receive an influenza procedure recommendation.

You might wonder, “How can I protect myself from the flu?”

First and foremost, try to stay away from sick people: What do I mean? Avoid people who are coughing or sneezing, crowded places, and paying sick people visits. Wear the mask and the proper attire at all times while in the same room as someone who has the flu.

Second, follow general hygiene and personal hygiene standards.  You already know what to do: wash your hands with soap and water often, before and after, and rinse thoroughly before drying with a paper towel or hot air. If you don’t have water right away, use an alcohol-based cleaner. An alcohol-based hand sanitizer can help reduce the amount of virus on infected hands, but soap and water are much more effective.  

Finally, make sure your bedroom or workplace is clean and hygienic. These two places are where you spend most of your time. It is necessary to keep rooms and offices at constant temperatures, as well as clean spaces and surfaces.

Let’s talk about influenza vaccinations

Influenza vaccination is recommended for people in high-risk groups such as medical personnel, people over 65, people with chronic conditions, pregnant women, as well as children over the age of six months, according to the World Health Organization.

For people who fall into the risk categories, the most important way to avoid complications from influenza is to get vaccinated in the early autumn and to use general prevention methods. In people in the above-mentioned risk groups, vaccination reduces the risk of influenza infection; if the disease is contracted, it will be less severe than if they were not vaccinated.

Following a clinical consultation with a general practitioner, who will confirm that there are no contraindications to vaccination, the influenza vaccine will be administered.

Is flu vaccination safe, and if we must get vaccinated, what are the possible side effects?

Influenza is a potentially fatal illness and vaccination is the most effective method of preventing influenza.

Each flu season is different; influenza viruses affect millions of people worldwide each year, requiring hundreds of thousands of people to be hospitalized and resulting in thousands of deaths.

The vaccine causes the body to produce protective antibodies against influenza viruses due to its composition. According to studies, seasonal flu vaccines contain the virus strains that are most likely to circulate in the cold season.

Because it takes about two weeks for a proper protective antibody to develop, the vaccine should be given before the start of flu season. The flu vaccine’s effectiveness varies from season to season. The level of protection provided varies depending on the recipient’s age, health status, immune response capacity, and the similarity of the vaccine strains to the circulating strains. Vaccination, on the other hand, prevents millions of illnesses, tens of thousands of hospitalizations, and thousands of deaths each year.